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Full text of "The Fate Of Man In The Modern World"

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DEHUMANI2ATION                         5l

the same principle which was in the Utopia of
Plato, and in medieval theocracy. The Jacobin
democracy undertakes to organize the spirit by
the same methods as those by which it organizes
the material. Democracy, too, turns toward a
sort of etatism, the absoluteness of the state. In
France to-day considerable freedom exists, bound
up with all the cultural treasure of the French
people, joined to a respect for the dignity of
human personality. But the radical party, domi-
nant in France, and uniting itself to the Jacobin
tradition, also professes one form of etatism : it
is a party of a definite world-view and would
have the state educate its people in it. But this
too is ideocracy, a softened and modified form of
the dictatorship of a world-view. It will always
be thus, when man is held to be a creature of only
one plane, when he is considered as a social entity
only, determined exclusively by society and the
state. That is to deny man's self-being and
the independence of his life on the plane of the

Christianity reveals and coiifirms man's belong-
ing to two planes of being, to the spiritual and to
the natural-social, to the Kingdom of God and
the Kingdom of Caesar. Christianity affirms that
man belongs at once to the realm of liberty and
that of necessity, and maintains that these two are
incommensurate and incapable of complete fusion.